Healthier and more sustainable textiles can address: 1. footprints of fiber cultivation and production and 2. toxicity of any applied treatments.

The production of both natural and synthetic textiles can require massive amounts of energy, water, and toxic chemicals. Added surface treatments often involve harmful chemicals. Selecting products from manufacturers that are committed to minimizing their environmental impact and to providing ingredient transparency can help to ensure healthier and safer interior environments.

Below are a few examples of textiles that meet our rigorous evaluation. For further help on your own search for healthier textiles, scroll down to "Spec Guidance”.

Textiles

12 products
How to Use This List

About Our Collections

The goal of our collections is to help promote transparency in the material ingredients of building products by fostering knowledge and awareness of products and materials for which life-cycle information is available, and that have environmentally, economically, and socially preferable life-cycle impacts.

Keep an eye out for the following symbols:
A Healthier Affordable Building Product

Products with the designation of "Healthier & Affordable" were specified and installed in at least one of our Case Studies of healthier affordable housing.

Available at the Donghia healthier Materials Library

The Donghia healthier Materials Library library is open to Parsons student and faculty. Learn more about access and opening hours here.

Low Embodied Carbon

“Embodied Carbon” is the total amount of carbon emitted during the process of making a material. *HML refers to a manufacturer's EPD to determine whether a product's A1-A3 carbon emissions falls within HML's threshold for Low Embodied Carbon.

New Product

This product has been added to the collection within the past six months.

Ingredient Disclosures

There are several ways of evaluating a material’s health that we include with product information. Disclosures are reports by manufacturers about product ingredients, impacts, or other attributes.

Key Disclosures include:
Health Product Declaration (HPD)

A voluntary technical specification for reporting information on product contents and associated health information, intended to be the health-analogue to Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs).

Declare Label

Declare is a transparency platform and product database that answers three questions:
1. Where does a product come from?
2. What is it made of?
3. Where does it go at the end of its life?

Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)

A standardized format for communicating the environmental effects associated with a product’s raw materials extraction, energy use, chemical makeup, waste generation, and emissions to air, soil, and water.

Safety Data Sheet (SDS)

A reporting format that provides basic information about a material’s chemical ingredients, the potential safety hazards to installers, and recommended practices for installation.

USDA Certified Biobased Product Label

Managed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the goal of the BioPreferred Program is to increase the purchase and use of biobased products.

Other
Learn More
Category Sub-category Manufacturer Product Ingredient Disclosures

Biobased Xorel

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

Carnegie's Biobased Xorel is a textile made from biobased polyethylene and polyproplyene. The fibers are derived from sugarcane, a crop showing carbon sequestration abilities. The textiles are not treated with perfluorinated chemicals or antimicrobials and have received C2C Gold certification - additionally, Carnegie offers a takeback program. It contains 89% Biobased Content and has been awarded the USDA Certified Biobased Product Label in the BioPreferred® Program.

Note: the CASNR does not distinguish between a petrochemical or biobased polyethylene and so will show the same number - the HPDC document helps you identify the source.


Category
Textile, Biobased
Manufacturer
Carnegie
Product Website

Material composition*

Polyethylene (95%), Polypropylene (5%), C.I. Pigment Blue 15, C.I. Pigment Brown 24, C.I. Pigment White 6, Hinder Amine Light Stabilizer, C.I. Pigment Yellow 139, C.I. Pigment Metall 1, C.I. Pigment Red 149, C.I. Pigment Yellow 180, C.I. Pigment Blue 29, C.I. Pigment Yellow 119, Calcium Carbonate, C.I. Pigment Black 7, C.I. Pigment Red 101, C.I. Pigment Red 122

*as reported by the manufacturer

AVAILABLE SIZING

56" (142 cm) wide

COLORS

Varies

Clouds

Kvadrat's "Clouds" is a wall tile system made from wool. Special rubber bands provide a mechanical fastener system to connect the tile to be installed to a wall or hung from a ceiling. The outer fabric, Divina, is Greenguard Gold certified for low emission, it complies with REACH requirements for its dyes and any residuals or impurities. Wool is naturally flame retardant, it absorbs and gives off humidity.


Category
Textile, Wool
Manufacturer
Kvadrat
Product Website

Material composition*

100% new wool (surface),
100% polyethylene foam (filling)

*as reported by the manufacturer

COLORS

8 Colors: Divina 886/Divina 106, Divina 191/Divina 106, Divina MD 673/Divina 106, Divina MD 783/Divina 106, Divina MD 213/Divina 426, Divina MD 713/Divina MD 783, Divina Melange 120/Divina 106, Divina Melange 120/Divina 756

Terra Olive Green

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

Moore & Giles’ Olive Green Leathers are aniline and crafted with wet-green® organic tanning agents. The dye is made from pure olive leaf extract which is a byproduct from olive production where these leave would traditionally be burned.
The tanning agent has overall Cradle to Cradle™ GOLD certification and PLATINUM Material Health Rating. The product is LBC Red List Free.


Category
Textile, Leather
Manufacturer
Moore and Giles
Product Website

Material composition*

Collagen ( Animal Skin), Water, Olive Leaf Extract (Oleuropein) Tanning Agent, Fat Oils: 9-Octadecenoic acid, Lecithins, C18-C50 branched cyclic and linear hydrocarbons- distillates, Dye: Sulfuric acid disodium salt

*as reported by the manufacturer

COLORS

available in various colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
USDA Certified Biobased Product Label
Other
Cradle to Cradle | Gold icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Last Updated

October 12, 2022

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

2/10’s 80/20 wool and hemp blend, Ivory

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

New York Textile Lab designs yarns and textiles with an economically diverse and sustainable supply chain at the forefront of their mind. The fibers used are grown on climate beneficial soil within the North Eastern Region.

This Hemp Wool Yarn is developed by the Textile Lab and produced with partnering manufacturers in the USA.


Category
Textile, Hemp
Manufacturer
NYTextileLab
Product Website

Material composition*

70% fine wool sourced from Oregon, 30% domestic hemp from Nebraska.

*as reported by the manufacturer

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
USDA Certified Biobased Product Label
Other
Last Updated

May 19, 2020

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Harald 3

Low-Embodied Carbon Material

A short-pile velour, Harald 3 is a cotton textile with a velvety optic. This product is Greenguard Gold certified for low emissions, and thankfully there is transparency with this product given by its Health and Environmental Product Disclosures (HPD and EPD). This textile is suitable for upholstery and curtains.

Per Kvadrat's product-specific EPDs, this product meets HML's criteria for low embodied carbon.


Category
Textile, Cotton
Manufacturer
Kvadrat
Product Website

Material composition*

100% Cotton

*as reported by the manufacturer

AVAILABLE SIZING

55"/140 cm wide

COLORS

30 Colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
USDA Certified Biobased Product Label
Other
GREENGUARD Certification icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Last Updated

October 03, 2020

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Tonica 2

Designed by Georgina Wright, Tonica 2 is a woolen upholstery textile. This product is Greenguard Gold certified for low emissions, has both Health and Environmental Product Disclosures, and holds an EU Ecolabel. Tonica 2 is composed of 100% wool which can be biodegradable and because wool retains moisture in its fibers, it resists flame without chemical treatment.


Category
Textile, Wool
Manufacturer
Kvadrat
Product Website

Material composition*

100% New Wool

*as reported by the manufacturer

AVAILABLE SIZING

55"/140 cm wide

COLORS

39 Colors

Vivo

Vivo is Climatex's all natural textile line, made of virgin wool and Lenzing (a fiber made from wood pulp). Climatex® textiles - offered by Jab Anstoetz KG - are produced in facilities awarded with Cradle to Cradle (C2C) Gold standard and blends can be 100% separated from each other and returned to their respective cycles - either being composted in the case of natural fibers or recycled if synthetic as in other lines. Untreated materials can be returned to the manufacturer after use to be recycled. The product is certified by Oekotex and Cradle to Cradle Silver for Material Health.


Category
Textile, Natural Fiber Blend
Manufacturer
JAB Anstoetz
Product Website

Material composition*

60 % Certified Virgin Wool, WV - 40 % Redesigned Lenzing FR™

*as reported by the manufacturer

AVAILABLE SIZING

54"/138 cm wide

COLORS

29 Colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
USDA Certified Biobased Product Label
Other
Cradle to Cradle | Silver icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Oeko-Tex® icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Last Updated

October 03, 2020

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Hemp + Organic Cotton Muslin

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

This textile is made of a blend of all-natural hemp and organic cotton fibers. The addition of organic cotton gives the textile a softer "hand" (the feel of the fabric on skin) and makes a more affordable option for interior textiles. In addition to being potentially biodegradable, hemp and cotton are both renewable resources. Hemp, in particular, is a notable favorite here at HML for its carbon sequestration and soil restoration abilities and the ways it can be farmed and processed.
Hemp Traders have been in the business of hemp since the 1990s even when hemp was illegal to grow here still. Their long-established connections in the hemp world and deep expertise make Hemp Traders a greatly valued source.


Category
Textile, Natural Fiber Blend
Manufacturer
Hemp Traders
Product Website

Material composition*

55% Hemp

45% Organic Cotton

*as reported by the manufacturer

AVAILABLE SIZING

58" wide

COLORS

Natural (undyed)

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
USDA Certified Biobased Product Label
Other icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Last Updated

October 20, 2020

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

5mm Wool Design Felt

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

Available for furniture, fashion, and vertical surface applications, this felt product is a high-quality wool material. It contains no formaldehyde, and is 100% VOC free. Filzfelt's wool holds the Oeko-Text Standard 100 certification.

Sheep's wool contains lanolin, a thin waxy coating on the fibers which makes it naturally water and soil resistant. Plus, because wool retains moisture in every fiber, it resists flame without chemical treatment. It can also be 100% biodegradable as it is a natural fiber.

This product can be customized with a flame retardant treatment. We advise selecting untreated textiles whenever possible.

*Ask about budget-friendly "off-cuts".


Category
Textile, Wool
Manufacturer
Filzfelt
Product Website

Material composition*

99% Merino or Karakul Wool, 1% dye (see HPD for dye composition)

*as reported by the manufacturer

AVAILABLE SIZING

70 3/4"/180 cm wide

COLORS

66 Colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Declare Label icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
USDA Certified Biobased Product Label
Other
Oeko-Tex® icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Last Updated

November 01, 2020

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

FabriFELT™

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

FabriFELT™ is made entirely from sheep's wool. The material is suitable for walls and ceilings, and contributes to sound absorption. FabriFELT™ is disclosed through its DECLARE label. The product is Red List Free, suitable for LEED v4 projects. As a natural material, felt can be recycled: the manufacturer will take it back for recycling or via general textile recycling pathways.


Category
Textile, Wool
Manufacturer
FabriTRAK
Product Website

Material composition*

100% Sheep's Wool

*as reported by the manufacturer

COLORS

23 Colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Declare Label icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
USDA Certified Biobased Product Label
Other
Last Updated

January 05, 2021

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Reishi™

Reishi™ is a leather grown through a proprietary Fine Mycelium™ process. This leather is grown rapidly from engineered mycelium and agricultural by-products and is strong, flexible, and durable, just like conventional leathers. It is also water-resistant and uses chrome-free tanning and dyeing processes. Reishi™ can be embedded with a cotton or recycled polyester fabric (where the mycelium binds to the backing) or be grown as 100% mycelium depending on the application. Mycoworks uses fungi indigenous to their manufacturing locations.


Category
Textile, Mycelium
Manufacturer
Mycoworks
Product Website

Material composition*

mycelium, sawdust, agricultural by-products

*as reported by the manufacturer

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
USDA Certified Biobased Product Label
Other
Last Updated

April 20, 2018

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Bananatex®

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

Bananatex® is a fabric made entirely from naturally grown Abacá banana plants cultivated within a natural, sustainable agriculture ecosystem, avoiding pesticides, fertilizers, and minimizing water usage. The material is suitable for upholstery as well as apparel. Bananatex® fabric is C2C Certified® Material Health Level Platinum with an overall rating Gold.

Abrasion: ≥ 30000 double rubs


Category
Textile, Natural Fiber
Manufacturer
Bananatex
Product Website

Material composition*

abacá fiber

*as reported by the manufacturer

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
USDA Certified Biobased Product Label
Other icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Cradle to Cradle | Gold icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Last Updated

November 22, 2023

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

The products in this collection have all been evaluated for their contents and performance. To be considered, a product must disclose at least 75% of its ingredients by weight and avoid the biggest health concerns, as indicated by their disclosure documentation. For textile products, that means that they avoid flame retardants, antimicrobials, and per-fluorinated stain treatments. It also means to meet limited emissions standards as specified by CDPH Standard Method (01350) or equivalent (Greenguard Gold or above).

HML considers certifications such as: Cradle to Cradle, FACTs, Greenguard, Declare, HPDC, or Bluesign.

Spec Guidance

Prefer natural fibers such as cotton, hemp, or wool that are organically grown without the use of toxic pesticides. These may be certified through the Global Organic Textiles Standard (GOTS) or Oeko Tex.

Avoid Antimicrobials, Perfluorinated Stain Repellents, and Flame Retardants. These toxic chemicals often added as surface treatments, can be carcinogenic or disrupting to the endocrine systems. These textiles are often marketed as "antimicrobial", "waterproof" or "stain-resistant". You can also avoid flame retardants by looking for TB117-2013 Flammability Labels on furniture and making sure it is marked "contain NO added flame retardant chemicals"

Look for Textiles that meet Low Emission requirements. These may be indicated as being compliant with CDPH Standard Method (01350) or certified through Greenguard Gold or SCS Indoor Advantage Gold.

Avoid PVC. Textiles made of PVC, with PVC backings or coatings can be hazardous and can expose occupants and manufacturers to highly toxic chemicals such as dioxins and phthalates.

Prefer dyes that are free of heavy metals such as antimony. Toxic chemicals not only have an effect on people involved in the dying processes but can also leach into watersheds and disturb surrounding ecosystems.

Consider the total impact of textiles across their entire life cycle, including their implications on health, carbon, circularity and social equity. These factors may be assessed via Multi-attribute Certifications such as Cradle to Cradle, STeP by Oeko Tex or FACTS.

Updated June 15, 2020

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