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Material Collection

Interior Paints

When it comes to health concerns about paints, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) get the most attention. However, binders, pigments, and additives can present a variety of other toxicity concerns. For example, Alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEs) are a group of chemicals used in acrylic paint to allow pigments to blend better. But APEs are suspected endocrine disruptors and can cause hormone dysfunction in people, animals, and sea life.

Most common interior paints are acrylic based, made primarily from petrochemicals derived from fossil fuels. Acrylic paints contribute to the massive amount of microplastics in the environment, and making these paints is carbon intensive and contributes to the climate crisis.

Healthier paints are mineral or plant-based instead of plastic-based. Yet, there are fewer of these on the market, and people are less familiar with working with them. So, we list both kinds of paint below – some better plastic paints and several mineral-based paints tested for durability and ease of application.

Interior Paints

15 products
How to Use This List

About Our Collections

The goal of our collections is to help promote transparency in the material ingredients of building products by fostering knowledge and awareness of products and materials for which life-cycle information is available, and that have environmentally, economically, and socially preferable life-cycle impacts.

Keep an eye out for the following symbols:
A Healthier Affordable Building Product

Products with the designation of "Healthier & Affordable" were specified and installed in at least one of our Case Studies of healthier affordable housing.

Available at the Donghia healthier Materials Library

The Donghia healthier Materials Library library is open to Parsons student and faculty. Learn more about access and opening hours here.

Low Embodied Carbon

“Embodied Carbon” is the total amount of carbon emitted during the process of making a material

New Product

This product has been added to the collection within the past six months.

Ingredient Disclosures

There are several ways of evaluating a material’s health that we include with product information. Disclosures are reports by manufacturers about product ingredients, impacts, or other attributes.

Key Disclosures include:
Health Product Declaration (HPD)

A voluntary technical specification for reporting information on product contents and associated health information, intended to be the health-analogue to Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs).

Declare Label

Declare is a transparency platform and product database that answers three questions: 
  1. Where does a product come from?
  2. What is it made of?
  3. Where does it go at the end of its life?

Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)

A standardized format for communicating the environmental effects associated with a product’s raw materials extraction, energy use, chemical makeup, waste generation, and emissions to air, soil, and water.

Safety Data Sheet (SDS)

A reporting format that provides basic information about a material’s chemical ingredients, the potential safety hazards to installers, and recommended practices for installation.

Other
Learn More
Category Sub-category Manufacturer Product Ingredient Disclosures

Ecos Paint

Imperial Paint's Ecos Paint products are water-based and free of polyurethane and VOCs, conforming to the CDPH 01350. Ecos Paints are available in a variety of finishes, including interior matte and eggshell and exterior satin and low-lustre. Titanium Dioxide is being used for pigmenting, the whiter the pigment, the more titanium dioxide.


Category
Synthetic Paint, Acrylic Latex
Manufacturer
Imperial Paints LLC
Product Website

Material composition *

Water 31.9%, Titanium Dioxide 19.12%, Calcium Carbonate 9.2%, Kaolin 4.68%, Silica 2.62%, Aluminum Oxide 1.67%, Polyethylene 1.2%, Zirconium Dioxide 0.47%, Ammonium Hydroxide 0.21%, Ethoxylated-2,4,7,9-tetramethyl-5-decyne-4,7-diol 0.13%, Quartz 0.09%, Undisclosed Binder Component 0.07%, 1,4-Diisobutyl-1,4-Dimethylbutynediol 0.05%, Polyoxyethylene trimethyldecyl alcohol 0.02%

*As reported by manufacturer and product HPD

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart or gallon

COLORS

Available in a variety of colors

Ultra Spec 500

A Healthier Affordable Building Product

Benjamin Moore Ultra Spec 500 interior paint is water-based, Cradle to Cradle Silver Certified, and contains zero VOCs. Titanium Dioxide is being used for pigmenting, the whiter the pigment, the more titanium dioxide.


Category
Synthetic Paint, Acrylic Latex
Manufacturer
Benjamin Moore
Product Website

Material composition *

Limestone 20%, Titanium Dioxide 10%, Kaolin, Calcined 10%, Kaolin 5%, Water 55%

*As reported by manufacturer and product SDS

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart or gallon

COLORS

Available in a variety of colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Other
Cradle to Cradle | Silver icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Last Updated

September 22, 2016

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

ProMar© 200 Zero VOC

A Healthier Affordable Building Product
Available At the Donghia Materials Library
Low-Embodied Carbon Material

Sherwin William's ProMar© 200 line of interior latex paint is free of VOCs. This product has a GREENGUARD Gold Certification for low chemical emissions. It contains 33% Biobased Content according to Bioprefered.gov.

Titanium Dioxide is being used for pigmenting, the whiter the pigment, the more titanium dioxide.

**Note: Product contains antimicrobial chemicals which are are associated with developmental, hormonal, and reproductive problems*.
*sixclasses.org/videos/antimicrobials


Category
Synthetic Paint, Acrylic Latex
Manufacturer
Sherwin Williams
Product Website

Material composition *

Water 35-65%, Primary Resin 10-20%, Titanium Dioxide 0-20%, Calcium Carbonate 0-25%, Other Resins 0-10%, Extender Pigments 0-5%, Coalescent 0-2%, Other Additives 0-5%, Thickener 0-1%, pH Modifier 0-1%

*As reported by manufacturer

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart or gallon

COLORS

Available in a variety of colors

Milk Paint

Milk Paint is a powdered paint made from milk protein, lime, clay, and earth pigments such as ochre, umber, iron oxide, lampblack. Milk paint creates a matte, velvet, chalky finish that sticks to a majority of surfaces without priming or sanding. This product is made from 100% organic materials and is free of VOCs.


Category
Mineral Paint, Lime Cassein
Manufacturer
The Real Milk Paint
Product Website

Material composition *

Casein (milk protein), Hydrated Lime, Proprietary Natural Filler, Iron Oxide Pigment (% undisclosed by manufacturer)

*As reported by manufacturer and product SDS

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart or gallon

COLORS

Available in a variety of colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Other
Last Updated

September 22, 2016

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

BioDomus SuperFlat

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

Mineral paints, like BioDomus SuperFlat, provide a great alternative to acrylic paints. They are toxin-free, odorless, asthma-free, and naturally mold-resistant. BioDomus SuperFlat is designed to be used on interior walls and ceilings. It is also backed by a 20-year warranty against chipping, peeling, and flaking. Thirteen of Romabio's paints, including this one, are Cradle to Cradle Silver Certified. Titanium Dioxide is being used for pigmenting, the whiter the pigment, the more titanium dioxide.


Category
Mineral Paint, Potassium Silicate
Manufacturer
Romabio
Product Website

Material composition *

Water 16.5070 - 58.1590%, Calcium Carbonate 4.766 - 47.4030%, Potassium Polysilicate 1.9740 - 13.8170%, Undisclosed Chemical #1 1.9600 - 25.3460%, Hydroxyethyl Cellulose 0.2890 - 0.7390%, Oxirane, 2-Methyl-, Polymer with Oxirane, Ether with 1,2-Hexanediol (2:1) 0.1760 - 1.0370%, Potassium Methylsilanetriolate 0.0700 - 0.2980%, Glassy Sodium Phosphate 0.0230 - 0.6060%, Poly(Oxy-1,2-Ethanediyl), Alpha-Sulfo-Omega-(Undecyloxy)-, Branched and Linear, Sodium Salt 0.0210 - 0.2720%, Poly[Oxy(Methyl-1,2-Ethanediyl)], _-(1-Oxo-9-Octadecenyl)-_-Butoxy-, (Z)- 0.0190 - 0.1100%, Sodium Bisulfate 0.0140 - 0.1800%, Sodium Hydroxide 0.0120 - 0.1490%, Sodium Persulfate 0.0100 - 0.1230%, Limestone; Calcium Carbonate 0.0000 - 37.7520, Titanium Dioxide 0.0000 - 24.8420%, Talc 0.0000 - 7.3030%, Chlorite 0.0000 - 7.3030%, Aluminum Oxide 0.0000 - 1.2540%, Kaolin Clay (Impurity/Residual), Magnesite 0.0000 - 0.5090%, Starch 0.0000 - 0.4100%, Dolomite 0.0000 - 0.3830, Quartz (Impurity/Residual), Silica, Amorphous 0.0000 - 0.1330%, 1,1,1-Tri(Hydroxymethyl)Propane 0.0000 - 0.1070%

*As reported by manufacturer and product HPD

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart or gallon

COLORS

Available in a variety of colors

EcoDomus

A Healthier Affordable Building Product
Available At the Donghia Materials Library

Mineral paints, like Romabio's EcoDomus, provide a great alternative to acrylic paints. They are toxin-free, odorless, asthma-free, and naturally mold-resistant. EcoDomus is available in Matte, Eggshell, and Satin finishes. EcoDomus is an extremely durable, high-performing, mineral paint. The matte paint is designed for interior use, and the eggshell and satin can be used both for interior and exterior wall and trim finishes. This product is also backed by a 20-year warranty against chipping, peeling, and flaking. Thirteen of Romabio's paints, including this one, are Cradle to Cradle Silver Certified. Titanium Dioxide is being used for pigmenting, the whiter the pigment, the more titanium dioxide.


Category
Mineral Paint, Potassium Silicate
Manufacturer
Romabio
Product Website

Material composition *

Water 16.5070 - 58.1590%, Calcium Carbonate 4.766 - 47.4030%, Potassium Polysilicate 1.9740 - 13.8170%, Undisclosed Chemical #1 1.9600 - 25.3460%, Hydroxyethyl Cellulose 0.2890 - 0.7390%, Oxirane, 2-Methyl-, Polymer with Oxirane, Ether with 1,2-Hexanediol (2:1) 0.1760 - 1.0370%, Potassium Methylsilanetriolate 0.0700 - 0.2980%, Glassy Sodium Phosphate 0.0230 - 0.6060%, Poly(Oxy-1,2-Ethanediyl), Alpha-Sulfo-Omega-(Undecyloxy)-, Branched and Linear, Sodium Salt 0.0210 - 0.2720%, Poly[Oxy(Methyl-1,2-Ethanediyl)], _-(1-Oxo-9-Octadecenyl)-_-Butoxy-, (Z)- 0.0190 - 0.1100%, Sodium Bisulfate 0.0140 - 0.1800%, Sodium Hydroxide 0.0120 - 0.1490%, Sodium Persulfate 0.0100 - 0.1230%, Limestone; Calcium Carbonate 0.0000 - 37.7520, Titanium Dioxide 0.0000 - 24.8420%, Talc 0.0000 - 7.3030%, Chlorite 0.0000 - 7.3030%, Aluminum Oxide 0.0000 - 1.2540%, Kaolin Clay (Impurity/Residual), Magnesite 0.0000 - 0.5090%, Starch 0.0000 - 0.4100%, Dolomite 0.0000 - 0.3830, Quartz (Impurity/Residual), Silica, Amorphous 0.0000 - 0.1330%, 1,1,1-Tri(Hydroxymethyl)Propane 0.0000 - 0.1070%

*As reported by manufacturer and product HPD

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart or gallon

COLORS

Available in a variety of colors

BioGrip Primer

Mineral paints, like this one, provide a great alternative to acrylic paints and primers. They are toxin-free, odorless, asthma-free, and naturally mold-resistant. BioGrip is Romabio’s mineral primer. This primer is designed for interior and exterior use and works well on drywall, portland cement, cementitious siding, and stucco. In 2015, this product was verified by a third party to be free of the harmful ingredients on the International Living Future Institute’s Red List. Titanium Dioxide is being used for pigmenting, the whiter the pigment, the more titanium dioxide.


Category
Mineral Paint, Potassium Silicate
Manufacturer
Romabio
Product Website

Material composition *

Water 16.5070 - 58.1590%, Calcium Carbonate 4.766 - 47.4030%, Potassium Polysilicate 1.9740 - 13.8170%, Undisclosed Chemical #1 1.9600 - 25.3460%, Hydroxyethyl Cellulose 0.2890 - 0.7390%, Oxirane, 2-Methyl-, Polymer with Oxirane, Ether with 1,2-Hexanediol (2:1) 0.1760 - 1.0370%, Potassium Methylsilanetriolate 0.0700 - 0.2980%, Glassy Sodium Phosphate 0.0230 - 0.6060%, Poly(Oxy-1,2-Ethanediyl), Alpha-Sulfo-Omega-(Undecyloxy)-, Branched and Linear, Sodium Salt 0.0210 - 0.2720%, Poly[Oxy(Methyl-1,2-Ethanediyl)], _-(1-Oxo-9-Octadecenyl)-_-Butoxy-, (Z)- 0.0190 - 0.1100%, Sodium Bisulfate 0.0140 - 0.1800%, Sodium Hydroxide 0.0120 - 0.1490%, Sodium Persulfate 0.0100 - 0.1230%, Limestone; Calcium Carbonate 0.0000 - 37.7520, Titanium Dioxide 0.0000 - 24.8420%, Talc 0.0000 - 7.3030%, Chlorite 0.0000 - 7.3030%, Aluminum Oxide 0.0000 - 1.2540%, Kaolin Clay (Impurity/Residual), Magnesite 0.0000 - 0.5090%, Starch 0.0000 - 0.4100%, Dolomite 0.0000 - 0.3830, Quartz (Impurity/Residual), Silica, Amorphous 0.0000 - 0.1330%, 1,1,1-Tri(Hydroxymethyl)Propane 0.0000 - 0.1070%

*As reported by manufacturer and product HPD

AVAILABLE SIZING

1 liter/1 quart, 2.5 liter/0.67 gallon, or 15 liter/4 gallon

COLORS

White

Aura

Benjamin Moore's Aura line is a Zero VOC interior acrylic paint. It is available in a wide range of colors, in matte, eggshell, satin, and semi-gloss sheens. Titanium Dioxide is being used for pigmenting, the whiter the pigment, the more titanium dioxide.


Category
Synthetic Paint, Acrylic Latex
Manufacturer
Benjamin Moore
Product Website

Material composition *

Titanium Dioxide 25%, Silica, Amorphous 10%, Kaolin, Calcined 5%, Diatomaceous Earth 5%, Limestone 5%, Nepheline Syenite 5%, Hexanedioic Acid, Dihydrazide 0.5%, Sodium C14-C16 Olefin Sulfonate 0.5%

*As reported by manufacturer and product SDS

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart or gallon

COLORS

Available in a variety of colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Other
Last Updated

July 02, 2019

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Linseed Oil Paint

Linseed oil paint offers a healthy, durable alternative to acrylic products. Ottosson’s product is manufactured at their facility in Genarp, Sweden, which was established in the late 1980s. The technique used in making their paints, however, dates back to the 16th century. Cold-pressed raw linseed oil and natural pigments are ground in a triple-cylinder mixer, incorporating the pigments evenly into the linseed oil. The result is a linseed oil paint that creates a breathable, easy to maintain surface that doesn’t peel or bubble up.

*NOTE: Ottosson Linseed Oil Paints contain zinc oxide, a natural fungicide. It adds hardness to the paint finish and is a necessary additive in several North American climates. Zinc requires a warning label due to potential aquatic toxicity under Swedish law. When disposed of responsibly and used as directed, it poses no threat to the health of humans or the environment

(as reported by Earth and Flax https://www.earthandflax.com/)


Category
Oil Paint, Linseed Oil
Manufacturer
Ottosson
Product Website

Material composition *

Boiled Linseed Oil 25-50%, Pigment 1-50%, Zinc Oxide 2.5-25%, Zirconium, dipropylene glycol iso-Bu alc. neodecanoate propionate cobalt complexes <0.01%

*As reported by manufacturer and product SDS

AVAILABLE SIZING

Available in 4 ounce, 1 Liter, and 3 Liter buckets

COLORS

Available in a wide range of colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Other
Last Updated

July 10, 2019

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Graphenstone

Low-Embodied Carbon Material

Graphenstone has updated traditional lime paint formulas with their product by adding graphene, a material made from carbon. Graphene lends the paint extreme strength, durability, and washability. Additionally, the use of lime creates a paint that is not only free of harmful substances, but one that also actively improves indoor air quality by absorbing toxics and CO2. The white interior and exterior paint have a Cradle to Cradle Gold certification.

This product meets HML's criteria for low embodied carbon in part because of its use of renewable energy and CO₂ absorbing ingredients. As the product is produced in Spain, shipping can negate it's low emission score.

*NOTE: Recently, researchers have raised health concerns about graphene. According to the manufacturer, Graphenstone uses Nano Fibers of Graphene (NFG), which has a larger structure that is not harmful to human health.


Category
Mineral Paint, Lime
Manufacturer
Graphenstone
Product Website

Material composition *

Calcium Hydroxide (Lime) 40-70%, Water 10-30%, Calcium Carbonate 5-20%, Additives 1-5%

*As reported by manufacturer and product EPD

AVAILABLE SIZING

Available in 1L, 4L, 12.5L, and 15L

COLORS

Available in a wide range of colors. White is the only color with a C2C Gold Certification.

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Cradle to Cradle | Gold icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Last Updated

September 06, 2019

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Clayworks Clay Plasters

Low-Embodied Carbon Material

Clayworks clay plasters are blends of unfired clays mixed with natural minerals and pigments. They provide a 100% natural alternative for gypsum plaster and paint wall finishing. Clayworks clay plasters are non-toxic, avoid synthetic additives and emit zero VOCs or formaldehyde. They are free of heavy metals and can be composted.

The clay plasters help regulate indoor relative humidity and temperature, absorb toxics and odors, and are easily repaired. They are made in the UK and supplied in a dried form, ready to mix with water and apply with conventional plastering tools and skills. The BM-1 hazard on the HPD relates to respiratory protection. The clay plasters also contribute to WELL and LEED certifications.


Category
Coating, Plaster
Manufacturer
Clayworks
Product Website

Material composition *

Blended Sands, Kaolin, Other Proprietary Ingredients

*as reported by the manufacturer

AURO High-grade Lime Paint

AURO high grade Lime Paint No. 344 is a breathable and opaque mineral based paint. It has no VOCs or synthetic additives. The mixture is primarily water and slaked lime. Titanium Dioxide is used for pigmenting. AURO consistently uses natural materials and discloses 100% of their ingredients on their website's Raw Materials Guide. This includes what the ingredients are typically used for, as well as where they are sourced from.


Category
Mineral Paint, Lime
Manufacturer
AURO
Product Website

Material composition *

Water, Calcium Hydroxide, Titanium Dioxide, Mineral Fillers, Cellulose

*as reported by the manufacturer

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Other
Last Updated

August 03, 2022

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

DuraSoy ONE Paint & Primer

The Ecoprocote DuraSoy ONE Paint + Primer by Eco Safety Products is a dual water-based and acrylic interior/ exterior paint and primer. The product is VOC-free, APE and NPE-free, non-toxic, and formulated by crosslinking solvent free acrylic with biobased emulsion. The bonding technology provides stain resistance for the protection of stucco, plaster, wood, drywall and concrete. DuraSoy ONE Paint + Primer has been screened to contain no PFAS or PFC's, CDPH VOC Emissions Certified, and qualifies for WELL and LEED. Titanium Dioxide is being used for pigmenting, the whiter the pigment, the more titanium dioxide.


Category
Oil Paint, Biobased
Manufacturer
Eco Safety Products
Product Website

Material composition *

Water 40-50%, Titanium Dioxide 10-15%, 2-Propenoic Acid 2-Methyl-Polymer with 2-Ethylhexyl 2-Propenoate and Methyl 2-Methyl-Propenoate 10-15%, Glass Oxide Chemicals 5-15%, Kaolin 5-10%, Undisclosed 0-10%, Fatty Acids C16-18 and C18-Unsatd. ME Esters 0-5%, SC: Fuller’s Earth 0-1%, 2-Propenoic Acid 2-Methyl-Butyl Ester Polymer with Ethynylbenzene 0-1%, Titanium Oxide 0-1%, Potassium Oxide (K20) 0-1%, Magnesium Oxide (MGO) 0-1%, 2-Propenoic Acid Polymer with 2,5-Furandione Sodium Salt 0-1%, Sodium Oxide 0-1%, 2-Propenoic Acid 2-Methyl-Polymer with Ethyl 2-Propenoate, Undisclosed 0-1%, Ethanol 2,2-(Butylimino)Bis 0-1%, White Mineral Oil 0-1%, Quartz 0-0.1%, Benzenesulfonic Acid Dodecyl-Branched Sodium Salt 0-0.1%, Undisclosed 0-0.1%, Calcium, Potassium, Sodium, Lithium, Titanium, Aluminum Impurity/Residual

*as reported by the manufacturer

AVAILABLE SIZING

1 qt, 1 gal, 5 gal

Keim Mineral Silica Paint

Low-Embodied Carbon Material

Mineral paints provide a healthier alternative to acrylic paints and primers as it is made from Potassium Silicate. They avoid asthmagens, are odorless, and are naturally mold-resistant. Keim Mineral Silica Paint has low to no VOCs. It is made from natural ingredients and is NaturePlus certified. This paint is great for indoor applications and has a velvet matte finish. Titanium Dioxide is being used for pigmenting, the whiter the pigment, the more titanium dioxide.


Category
Mineral Paint, Potassium Silicate
Manufacturer
Keim
Product Website

Material composition *

Silica sol (aqueous solution) 10-15%, Polymer (polyacrylate) 2.5-5%, Titanium dioxide (white) and/or inorganic pigments 0-20%, Mineral Fillers (silicate and calcite) 25-35%, Water 25-35%, Hydrophobing agents 2.5-5%, Thickeners <1%, Stabilisers <1%, Wetting agents <1%, Defoamers <1%

*as reported by the manufacturer

AVAILABLE SIZING

8kg or 20kg buckets

COLORS

Various

Ecologic Potassium Silicate Paint

Limeworks ' Ecologic Potassium Silicate Paint is a durable interior and exterior silicate dispersion paint made from silicates. It chemically bonds to masonry substrates such as brick, stone, mortar, stucco and cement through penetration and curing. It is VOC free, naturally mildew resistant and water repellent. It dries with an opaque and matte finish. Note: Methyl Methacrylate is used as a dispersion agent and as a binder at up to 10%. Currently, research is not conclusive; per manufacturer, there aren't viable alternatives at this time. HML is continuing to watch this component.


Category
Mineral Paint, Potassium Silicate
Manufacturer
Limeworks
Product Website

Material composition *

Mineral fillers/pigments (titanium dioxide, alumina silicates, iron oxides, earthen pigments) 50% , Water 25% , Liquid potassium silicate 25% , Methacrylate dispersion (acute toxicity) 10% , Ammonia 1%, Sodium Phosphonate Stabilizer 1%, Polysaccharide Cellulose 1%, Fatty Acid Defoamer 1%

*As reported by manufacturer and product SDS

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Other
Last Updated

September 06, 2022

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

The products in this collection have all been evaluated holistically for their contents and performance. To be considered, a product must disclose at least 50% of its ingredients by weight. It should avoid the biggest health concerns (such as those indicated in the HML Spec guidance for this product category) or be third-party certified. For paints, this means that they do not contain chemicals prohibited by the GS-11 Standard for Paints and Coatings. These base paints and colorants in this collection also meet the VOC Content limits established by the CARB Architectural Coatings Program.

*Exceptions have been made for titanium dioxide and crystalline silica due to a current lack of feasible alternatives.

Spec Guidance

Prefer Mineral-based paints. They tend to avoid VOCs and hazardous additives. Certain mineral-based paints also absorb impurities from the air, actively improving indoor air quality.

Minimize specifying Acrylic Paint. New research shows that Acrylic ( Plastic) Paint appears as the largest source of microplastic leakage.

Linseed oil paints are another great choice. Follow installation instructions to avoid spontaneous combustion from oily rags etc. drying.

To prepare for linseed oil paint application, rough the surface with fine grit sandpaper.

For best results, apply thin, even coats of linseed oil paint to a clean and dry surface.

Wipe oil on surface with a cloth to avoid brush strokes with linseed oil paint

Leave ample time for the dry time of Linseed oil paint as they are longer than conventional petroleum-based paints.

Look for paints that meet the Green Seal-11 (GS-11) standard from 2010 or later. This certification limits the content of VOCs and prohibits other potential hazards such as heavy metals, carcinogens, mutagens, and reproductive toxins.

Prefer paints that meet the strict VOC emission standards of the CDPH Standard Method.

Specify paints with a VOC content of 10g/L or less. Look out for VOCs in colorants.

Avoid paints that contain alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEs). APEs, the most common of which being nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs) are surfactants commonly added to paints to help the pigments stay evenly spread throughout the paint base. These chemicals break down into harmful endocrine disruptors. They have been banned in the European Union, Denmark, and Japan.

Limit titanium dioxide contents. A whitening aggregate added to many paints, titanium dioxide is a possible endocrine disruptor and carcinogen.

Updated September 6, 2022
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