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Material Collection

Interior Paints

When it comes to health concerns about paints, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) get the most attention. However, binders, pigments, and additives can present a variety of other toxicity concerns. Look for paints that not only meet the best standards for emissions, but have also been screened for toxic substances through certifications like GreenSeal-11 (GS-11).

Interior Paints

12 products
How to Use This List

About Our Collections

The goal of our collections is to help promote transparency in the material ingredients of building products by fostering knowledge and awareness of products and materials for which life-cycle information is available, and that have environmentally, economically, and socially preferable life-cycle impacts.

Keep an eye out for the following symbols:
A Healthier Affordable Building Product

Products with the designation of "Healthier & Affordable" were specified and installed in at least one of our Case Studies of healthier affordable housing.

Available at the Donghia healthier Materials Library

The Donghia healthier Materials Library library is open to Parsons student and faculty. Learn more about access and opening hours here.

New Product

This product has been added to the collection within the past six months.

Ingredient Disclosures

There are several ways of evaluating a material’s health that we include with product information. Disclosures are reports by manufacturers about product ingredients, impacts, or other attributes.

Key Disclosures include:
Health Product Declaration (HPD)

A voluntary technical specification for reporting information on product contents and associated health information, intended to be the health-analogue to Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs).

Declare Label

Declare is a transparency platform and product database that answers three questions: 
  1. Where does a product come from?
  2. What is it made of?
  3. Where does it go at the end of its life?

Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)

A standardized format for communicating the environmental effects associated with a product’s raw materials extraction, energy use, chemical makeup, waste generation, and emissions to air, soil, and water.

Safety Data Sheet (SDS)

A reporting format that provides basic information about a material’s chemical ingredients, the potential safety hazards to installers, and recommended practices for installation.

Other
Learn More
Category Sub-category Manufacturer Product Ingredient Disclosures

Ecos Paint

Imperial Paint's Ecos Paint products are water-based and free of polyurethane and VOCs, conforming to the CDPH 01350. Ecos Paints are available in a variety of finishes, including interior matte and eggshell and exterior satin and low-lustre.


Category
Synthetic Paint, Acrylic Latex
Manufacturer
Imperial Paints LLC
Product Website

Material composition *

Water 31.9%, Titanium Dioxide 19.12%, Calcium Carbonate 9.2%, Kaolin 4.68%, Silica 2.62%, Aluminum Oxide 1.67%, Polyethylene 1.2%, Zirconium Dioxide 0.47%, Ammonium Hydroxide 0.21%, Ethoxylated-2,4,7,9-tetramethyl-5-decyne-4,7-diol 0.13%, Quartz 0.09%, Undisclosed Binder Component 0.07%, 1,4-Diisobutyl-1,4-Dimethylbutynediol 0.05%, Polyoxyethylene trimethyldecyl alcohol 0.02%

*As reported by manufacturer and product HPD

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart or gallon

COLORS

Available in a variety of colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Other
Last Updated

September 22, 2016

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Ultra Spec 500

A Healthier Affordable Building Product

Benjamin Moore Ultra Spec 500 interior paint is water-based, Cradle to Cradle Silver Certified, and contains zero VOCs.


Category
Synthetic Paint, Acrylic Latex
Manufacturer
Benjamin Moore
Product Website

Material composition *

Limestone 20%, Titanium Dioxide 10%, Kaolin, Calcined 10%, Kaolin 5%, Water 55%

*As reported by manufacturer and product SDS

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart or gallon

COLORS

Available in a variety of colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Other
Cradle to Cradle | Silver
Last Updated

September 22, 2016

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

ProMar© 200 Zero VOC

A Healthier Affordable Building Product
Available At the Donghia Materials Library

Sherwin William's ProMar© 200 line of interior latex paint is free of VOCs. This product has a GREENGUARD Gold Certification for low chemical emissions.

**Note: Product contains antimicrobial chemicals which are are associated with developmental, hormonal, and reproductive problems*.
*sixclasses.org/videos/antimicrobials


Category
Synthetic Paint, Acrylic Latex
Manufacturer
Sherwin Williams
Product Website

Material composition *

Water 35-65%, Primary Resin 10-20%, Titanium Dioxide 0-20%, Calcium Carbonate 0-25%, Other Resins 0-10%, Extender Pigments 0-5%, Coalescent 0-2%, Other Additives 0-5%, Thickener 0-1%, pH Modifier 0-1%

*As reported by manufacturer

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart or gallon

COLORS

Available in a variety of colors

Milk Paint

Milk Paint is a powdered paint made from milk protein, lime, clay, and earth pigments such as ochre, umber, iron oxide, lampblack. Milk paint creates a matte, velvet, chalky finish that sticks to a majority of surfaces without priming or sanding. This product is made from 100% organic materials and is free of VOCs.


Category
Mineral Paint, Lime Cassein
Manufacturer
The Real Milk Paint
Product Website

Material composition *

Casein (milk protein), Hydrated Lime, Proprietary Natural Filler, Iron Oxide Pigment (% undisclosed by manufacturer)

*As reported by manufacturer and product SDS

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart or gallon

COLORS

Available in a variety of colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Other
Last Updated

September 22, 2016

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

BioDomus SuperFlat

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

Mineral paints, like BioDomus SuperFlat, provide a great alternative to acrylic paints. They are toxin-free, odorless, asthma-free, and naturally mold-resistant. BioDomus SuperFlat is designed to be used on interior walls and ceilings. It is also backed by a 20-year warranty against chipping, peeling, and flaking. Thirteen of Romabio's paints, including this one, are Cradle to Cradle Silver Certified.


Category
Mineral Paint, Potassium Silicate
Manufacturer
Romabio
Product Website

Material composition *

Water 16.5070 - 58.1590%, Calcium Carbonate 4.766 - 47.4030%, Potassium Polysilicate 1.9740 - 13.8170%, Undisclosed Chemical #1 1.9600 - 25.3460%, Hydroxyethyl Cellulose 0.2890 - 0.7390%, Oxirane, 2-Methyl-, Polymer with Oxirane, Ether with 1,2-Hexanediol (2:1) 0.1760 - 1.0370%, Potassium Methylsilanetriolate 0.0700 - 0.2980%, Glassy Sodium Phosphate 0.0230 - 0.6060%, Poly(Oxy-1,2-Ethanediyl), Alpha-Sulfo-Omega-(Undecyloxy)-, Branched and Linear, Sodium Salt 0.0210 - 0.2720%, Poly[Oxy(Methyl-1,2-Ethanediyl)], _-(1-Oxo-9-Octadecenyl)-_-Butoxy-, (Z)- 0.0190 - 0.1100%, Sodium Bisulfate 0.0140 - 0.1800%, Sodium Hydroxide 0.0120 - 0.1490%, Sodium Persulfate 0.0100 - 0.1230%, Limestone; Calcium Carbonate 0.0000 - 37.7520, Titanium Dioxide 0.0000 - 24.8420%, Talc 0.0000 - 7.3030%, Chlorite 0.0000 - 7.3030%, Aluminum Oxide 0.0000 - 1.2540%, Kaolin Clay (Impurity/Residual), Magnesite 0.0000 - 0.5090%, Starch 0.0000 - 0.4100%, Dolomite 0.0000 - 0.3830, Quartz (Impurity/Residual), Silica, Amorphous 0.0000 - 0.1330%, 1,1,1-Tri(Hydroxymethyl)Propane 0.0000 - 0.1070%

*As reported by manufacturer and product HPD

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart or gallon

COLORS

Available in a variety of colors

EcoDomus

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

Mineral paints, like Romabio's EcoDomus, provide a great alternative to acrylic paints. They are toxin-free, odorless, asthma-free, and naturally mold-resistant. EcoDomus is available in Matte, Eggshell, and Satin finishes. EcoDomus is an extremely durable, high-performing, mineral paint. The matte paint is designed for interior use, and the eggshell and satin can be used both for interior and exterior wall and trim finishes. This product is also backed by a 20-year warranty against chipping, peeling, and flaking. Thirteen of Romabio's paints, including this one, are Cradle to Cradle Silver Certified.


Category
Mineral Paint, Potassium Silicate
Manufacturer
Romabio
Product Website

Material composition *

Water 16.5070 - 58.1590%, Calcium Carbonate 4.766 - 47.4030%, Potassium Polysilicate 1.9740 - 13.8170%, Undisclosed Chemical #1 1.9600 - 25.3460%, Hydroxyethyl Cellulose 0.2890 - 0.7390%, Oxirane, 2-Methyl-, Polymer with Oxirane, Ether with 1,2-Hexanediol (2:1) 0.1760 - 1.0370%, Potassium Methylsilanetriolate 0.0700 - 0.2980%, Glassy Sodium Phosphate 0.0230 - 0.6060%, Poly(Oxy-1,2-Ethanediyl), Alpha-Sulfo-Omega-(Undecyloxy)-, Branched and Linear, Sodium Salt 0.0210 - 0.2720%, Poly[Oxy(Methyl-1,2-Ethanediyl)], _-(1-Oxo-9-Octadecenyl)-_-Butoxy-, (Z)- 0.0190 - 0.1100%, Sodium Bisulfate 0.0140 - 0.1800%, Sodium Hydroxide 0.0120 - 0.1490%, Sodium Persulfate 0.0100 - 0.1230%, Limestone; Calcium Carbonate 0.0000 - 37.7520, Titanium Dioxide 0.0000 - 24.8420%, Talc 0.0000 - 7.3030%, Chlorite 0.0000 - 7.3030%, Aluminum Oxide 0.0000 - 1.2540%, Kaolin Clay (Impurity/Residual), Magnesite 0.0000 - 0.5090%, Starch 0.0000 - 0.4100%, Dolomite 0.0000 - 0.3830, Quartz (Impurity/Residual), Silica, Amorphous 0.0000 - 0.1330%, 1,1,1-Tri(Hydroxymethyl)Propane 0.0000 - 0.1070%

*As reported by manufacturer and product HPD

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart or gallon

COLORS

Available in a variety of colors

Natura

Benjamin Moore’s Natura line are acrylic-based indoor paints that are free of VOC contents and have zero VOC emissions. This product also carries Cradle to Cradle Silver and Green Seal certifications. Natura is available in thousands of colors, in flat, eggshell, and semi-gloss sheens.


Category
Synthetic Paint, Acrylic Latex
Manufacturer
Benjamin Moore
Product Website

Material composition *

Titanium Dioxide 25%, Nepheline Syenite 10%, Silica, Amorphous 10%, Kaolin, Calcined 5%, Diatomaceous Earth 5%

*As reported by manufacturer and product SDS

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart, or gallon

COLORS

Available in a range of colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Other
Cradle to Cradle | Silver icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Green Seal
Last Updated

June 27, 2019

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

BioGrip Primer

Mineral paints, like this one, provide a great alternative to acrylic paints and primers. They are toxin-free, odorless, asthma-free, and naturally mold-resistant. BioGrip is Romabio’s mineral primer. This primer is designed for interior and exterior use and works well on drywall, portland cement, cementitious siding, and stucco. In 2015, this product was verified by a third party to be free of the harmful ingredients on the International Living Future Institute’s Red List.


Category
Mineral Paint, Potassium Silicate
Manufacturer
Romabio
Product Website

Material composition *

Water 16.5070 - 58.1590%, Calcium Carbonate 4.766 - 47.4030%, Potassium Polysilicate 1.9740 - 13.8170%, Undisclosed Chemical #1 1.9600 - 25.3460%, Hydroxyethyl Cellulose 0.2890 - 0.7390%, Oxirane, 2-Methyl-, Polymer with Oxirane, Ether with 1,2-Hexanediol (2:1) 0.1760 - 1.0370%, Potassium Methylsilanetriolate 0.0700 - 0.2980%, Glassy Sodium Phosphate 0.0230 - 0.6060%, Poly(Oxy-1,2-Ethanediyl), Alpha-Sulfo-Omega-(Undecyloxy)-, Branched and Linear, Sodium Salt 0.0210 - 0.2720%, Poly[Oxy(Methyl-1,2-Ethanediyl)], _-(1-Oxo-9-Octadecenyl)-_-Butoxy-, (Z)- 0.0190 - 0.1100%, Sodium Bisulfate 0.0140 - 0.1800%, Sodium Hydroxide 0.0120 - 0.1490%, Sodium Persulfate 0.0100 - 0.1230%, Limestone; Calcium Carbonate 0.0000 - 37.7520, Titanium Dioxide 0.0000 - 24.8420%, Talc 0.0000 - 7.3030%, Chlorite 0.0000 - 7.3030%, Aluminum Oxide 0.0000 - 1.2540%, Kaolin Clay (Impurity/Residual), Magnesite 0.0000 - 0.5090%, Starch 0.0000 - 0.4100%, Dolomite 0.0000 - 0.3830, Quartz (Impurity/Residual), Silica, Amorphous 0.0000 - 0.1330%, 1,1,1-Tri(Hydroxymethyl)Propane 0.0000 - 0.1070%

*As reported by manufacturer and product HPD

AVAILABLE SIZING

1 liter/1 quart, 2.5 liter/0.67 gallon, or 15 liter/4 gallon

COLORS

White

Aura

Benjamin Moore's Aura line is a Zero VOC interior acrylic paint. It is available in a wide range of colors, in matte, eggshell, satin, and semi-gloss sheens.


Category
Synthetic Paint, Acrylic Latex
Manufacturer
Benjamin Moore
Product Website

Material composition *

Titanium Dioxide 25%, Silica, Amorphous 10%, Kaolin, Calcined 5%, Diatomaceous Earth 5%, Limestone 5%, Nepheline Syenite 5%, Hexanedioic Acid, Dihydrazide 0.5%, Sodium C14-C16 Olefin Sulfonate 0.5%

*As reported by manufacturer and product SDS

AVAILABLE SIZING

Pint, quart or gallon

COLORS

Available in a variety of colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Other
Last Updated

July 02, 2019

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Linseed Oil Paint

Linseed oil paint offers a healthy, durable alternative to acrylic products. Ottosson’s product is manufactured at their facility in Genarp, Sweden, which was established in the late 1980s. The technique used in making their paints, however, dates back to the 16th century. Cold-pressed raw linseed oil and natural pigments are ground in a triple-cylinder mixer, incorporating the pigments evenly into the linseed oil. The result is a linseed oil paint that creates a breathable, easy to maintain surface that doesn’t peel or bubble up.

*NOTE: Ottosson Linseed Oil Paints contain zinc oxide, a natural fungicide. It adds hardness to the paint finish and is a necessary additive in several North American climates. Zinc requires a warning label due to potential aquatic toxicity under Swedish law. When disposed of responsibly and used as directed, it poses no threat to the health of humans or the environment

(as reported by Earth and Flax https://www.earthandflax.com/)


Category
Oil Paint, Linseed Oil
Manufacturer
Ottosson
Product Website

Material composition *

Boiled Linseed Oil 25-50%, Pigment 1-50%, Zinc Oxide 2.5-25%, Zirconium, dipropylene glycol iso-Bu alc. neodecanoate propionate cobalt complexes <0.01%

*As reported by manufacturer and product SDS

AVAILABLE SIZING

Available in 4 ounce, 1 Liter, and 3 Liter buckets

COLORS

Available in a wide range of colors

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Other
Last Updated

July 10, 2019

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Natura Primer

Benjamin Moore’s Natura line are acrylic-based indoor paints that are free of VOC contents and have zero VOC emissions. This product is Cradle to Cradle Silver and Green Seal certified. The Natura primer dries quickly and hides surface imperfections.


Category
Synthetic Paint, Acrylic Latex
Manufacturer
Benjamin Moore
Product Website

Material composition *

Titanium Dioxide 10-15%, Calcined Kaolin 5-10%, Kaolin 5-10%

*As reported by manufacturer and product SDS

AVAILABLE SIZING

Quart or gallon

COLORS

White

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Other
Cradle to Cradle | Silver icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Green Seal
Last Updated

August 20, 2019

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Graphenstone

Graphenstone has updated traditional lime paint formulas with their product by adding graphene, a material made from carbon. Graphene lends the paint extreme strength, durability, and washability. Additionally, the use of lime creates a paint that is not only free of harmful substances, but one that also actively improves indoor air quality by absorbing toxics and CO2. The white interior and exterior paint have a Cradle to Cradle Gold certification.

*NOTE: Recently, researchers have raised health concerns about graphene. According to the manufacturer, Graphenstone uses Nano Fibers of Graphene (NFG), which has a larger particle size than graphene particles. The safety concerns of typical graphene particles exist at the nanoparticle scale. The NFG polymer that is used in Graphenstone’s paints has a larger structure that is not harmful to human health.


Category
Mineral Paint, Lime
Manufacturer
Graphenstone
Product Website

Material composition *

Calcium Hydroxide (Lime) 40-70%, Water 10-30%, Calcium Carbonate 5-20%, Additives 1-5%

*As reported by manufacturer and product EPD

AVAILABLE SIZING

Available in 1L, 4L, 12.5L, and 15L

COLORS

Available in a wide range of colors. White is the only color with a C2C Gold Certification.

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Cradle to Cradle | Gold icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Last Updated

September 06, 2019

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

The products in this collection have all been evaluated holistically for their contents and performance. To be considered, a product must disclose at least 50% of its ingredients by weight. It should avoid the biggest health concerns (such as those indicated in the HML Spec guidance for this product category) or be third-party certified. For paints, this means that they do not contain chemicals prohibited by the GS-11 Standard for Paints and Coatings. These base paints and colorants in this collection also meet the VOC Content limits established by the CARB Architectural Coatings Program.

*Exceptions have been made for titanium dioxide and crystalline silica due to a current lack of feasible alternatives.

Spec Guidance

Look for alternatives to acrylic paints. Mineral-based paints do not off-gas and tend to avoid the hazardous additives described below. Certain mineral-based paints also absorb impurities from the air, actively improving indoor air quality.

Linseed oil paints are another great choice. Follow installation instructions to avoid spontaneous combustion from oily rags etc. drying.

Look for paints that meet the Green Seal-11 (GS-11) standard from 2010 or later. This certification limits the content of VOCs and prohibits other potential hazards such as heavy metals, carcinogens, mutagens, and reproductive toxins.

Prefer paints that meet the strict VOC emission standards of the CDPH Standard Method.

Specify paints with a VOC content of 10g/L or less. Look out for VOCs in colorants.

Avoid paints that contain alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEs). APEs, the most common of which being nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs) are surfactants commonly added to paints to help the pigments stay evenly spread throughout the paint base. These chemicals break down into harmful endocrine disruptors. They have been banned in the European Union, Denmark, and Japan.

Avoid paints labeled “antimicrobial”. These products often contain harmful biocides, and are not shown to improve population health.

Limit titanium dioxide contents. A whitening aggregate added to many paints, titanium dioxide is a possible endocrine disruptor and carcinogen.

Updated July 18, 2019
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