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Material Collection

Biofabricated Materials

The emerging class of biofabricated materials harnesses biological organisms to design and grow exciting products. The fermentation, culturing, and engineering of yeast, bacteria, fungi, algae, and mammalian cells lends living materials new functional and aesthetic properties.

Biofabricated Materials

14 products
How to Use This List

About Our Collections

The goal of our collections is to help promote transparency in the material ingredients of building products by fostering knowledge and awareness of products and materials for which life-cycle information is available, and that have environmentally, economically, and socially preferable life-cycle impacts.

Keep an eye out for the following symbols:
A Healthier Affordable Building Product

Products with the designation of "Healthier & Affordable" were specified and installed in at least one of our Case Studies of healthier affordable housing.

Available at the Donghia healthier Materials Library

The Donghia healthier Materials Library library is open to Parsons student and faculty. Learn more about access and opening hours here.

New Product

This product has been added to the collection within the past six months.

Ingredient Disclosures

There are several ways of evaluating a material’s health that we include with product information. Disclosures are reports by manufacturers about product ingredients, impacts, or other attributes.

Key Disclosures include:
Health Product Declaration (HPD)

A voluntary technical specification for reporting information on product contents and associated health information, intended to be the health-analogue to Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs).

Declare Label

Declare is a transparency platform and product database that answers three questions: 
  1. Where does a product come from?
  2. What is it made of?
  3. Where does it go at the end of its life?

Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)

A standardized format for communicating the environmental effects associated with a product’s raw materials extraction, energy use, chemical makeup, waste generation, and emissions to air, soil, and water.

Safety Data Sheet (SDS)

A reporting format that provides basic information about a material’s chemical ingredients, the potential safety hazards to installers, and recommended practices for installation.

Other
Learn More
Category Sub-category Manufacturer Product Ingredient Disclosures

MycoComposite

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

Ecovative uses mycelium, the vegetative root structure of mushrooms, as a binder for regionally sourced non-food agricultural waste. These materials combine to make a bio-based alternative to plastic foam packaging and insulation materials. MycoComposite is biodegradable, naturally flame resistant, and water resistant, and Cradle to Cradle Gold Certified.


Category
Packaging, Mycelium
Manufacturer
Ecovative
Product Website

Material composition *

Mycelium (binder), hemp (substrate), flour (nutrition)

*As reported by manufacturer

AVAILABLE SIZING

18" x 18", 6"x 6"

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Cradle to Cradle | Gold icon-pdf Created with Sketch.
Last Updated

February 27, 2018

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bioMASON

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

bioMASON grows bricks using technology similar to hydroponics - units mixed with microorganism are fed an aqueous solution to harden the bricks to specification. bioMASON’s process eliminates the need for firing by replacing the curing/hardening process with biologically controlled structural cement.


Category
Pourables and Aggregates, Concrete
Manufacturer
bioMASON
Product Website

Material composition *

Sand, Sporosarcina pasteurii (bacteria)

*As reported by manufacturer.

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Last Updated

February 27, 2018

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AlgiKnit

AlgiKnit is a compostable yarn made from readily abundant biopolymers. This product was designed as a sustainable, closed loop alternative for the apparel and footwear industries.


Category
Textile, Algae
Manufacturer
AlgiKnit
Product Website

Material composition *

kelp, seaweed, algae

*As reported by manufacturer.

COLORS

red, seafoam green

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Last Updated

February 27, 2018

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Loliware

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

100% plastic-free, gluten-free, gelatin-free, BPA-free, non-GMO, all natural, non-toxic, safe, and FDA approved, LOLIWARE is made from a biodegr(edible) material so natural you can eat it.


Category
Packaging, Algae
Manufacturer
Loliware
Product Website

Material composition *

seaweed, organic sweeteners and flavors and colors derived from fruits and vegetables

*As reported by manufacturer.

COLORS

pink, yellow, green, beige

COUNTRY OF MANUFACTURE

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
U.S Food and Drug Administration
Last Updated

February 27, 2018

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Zoa

Zoa is the world's first bioleather brand. Collagen, the same protein used in animal leather, is created using DNA-sequence editing forms a network of fibers. The fibrous sheet is then processed into a “hide” that can be tanned and fashioned into various products.


Category
Textile, Collagen
Manufacturer
Modern Meadow
Product Website

Material composition *

Collagen, proprietary finishes

*As reported by manufacturer.

COLORS

Black, White, Blue

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Last Updated

March 27, 2018

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Seaweed Insulation

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

Seaweed insulation provides an organic alternative to materials such as mineral wool. Seaweed mats are formed using heat and high-pressure compression. It allows for a long lifetime and for repeated recycling, either reused as insulation or transformed into 2D or 3D designs. Advance Nonwoven's Seaweed Insulation is Cradle to Cradle Gold Certified. Their standard product contains no added flame retardants or antimicrobials. However, because these additives are available upon request, it is best to emphasize a desire for no added treatments when ordering the material.


Category
Fibrous, Cellulosic, & Granular Insulation, Seaweed
Manufacturer
Advance Nonwoven
Product Website

Material composition

90% seaweed, 10% recycled fiber

AVAILABLE SIZING

Thickness 10-250 mm, width 1200 mm max, length is unlimited

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Cradle to Cradle Certified Product Standard
Last Updated

March 13, 2018

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Mycelium Leather

This leather is grown rapidly from mycelium and agricultural by-products in a carbon-negative process. Mycelium Leather is strong, flexible, and durable, just like conventional leathers. It is also water-resistant. And since it's made from natural fibers, it breathes and feels like leather.


Category
Textile, Mycelium
Manufacturer
Mycoworks
Product Website

Material composition

Mycoworks uses mycelium and agricultural by-products.

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Last Updated

April 20, 2018

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Microsilk

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

Bolt Threads' Engineered Silk is biofabricated by mimicking the DNA in Spider Silk. They develop proteins inspired by the DNA (no spiders are actually involved) and put them inside of yeast.

The yeast produce silk protein in a liquid form during fermentation—very much like the beer-making process. After some processing, the liquid silk protein can be turned into fiber through wet-spinning, which is the same way fibers like acrylic and rayon are made.


Category
Textile, Yeast
Manufacturer
Bolt Threads
Product Website

Material composition *

Sugar, Water, Salts, Yeast

*As reported by manufacturer

AVAILABLE SIZING

N/A

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Last Updated

April 10, 2018

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BioConcrete

BioConcrete is a self-healing concrete product made of biodegradable plastic capsules of calcium lactate and bacteria added to a wet concrete mix. When activated by water, the capsules expand and fill any cracks that exist in the concrete.


Category
Pourables and Aggregates, Concrete
Manufacturer
Dr. Henk Jonkers

Material composition *

Concrete, calcium lactate, bacillus bacteria, biodegradable plastic

*As disclosed by manufacturer.

AVAILABLE SIZING

N/A

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Last Updated

December 31, 2016

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

BioMineralized Concrete

BioMineralized Concrete uses bacteria to bind a sand aggregate. The technology allows for the sand, or any other small, rough aggregate, to be used to make a solid material. Because it hardens at room temperature, it saves the energy that typically goes into baking bricks. BioMineralized Concrete can be used as a concrete substitute. However, it has 2/3 the strength of traditional concrete, so it needs to be reinforced by adding fiber or metal, or through pressurization during casting.


Category
Pourables and Aggregates, Concrete
Manufacturer
Damian Palin

Material composition *

Sand, Calcium Chloride, Urea, Bacteria

*As disclosed by manufacturer.

AVAILABLE SIZING

N/A

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Last Updated

December 31, 2016

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Mylo

Mylo™ is a material made from mycelium, the underground root structure of mushrooms. Grown under carefully controlled conditions to produce a substrate that can be cured and tanned into a soft, supple material that looks and feels like leather.


Category
Textile, Mycelium
Manufacturer
Bolt Threads
Product Website

Material composition

Mylo is composed of mycelium mushrooms grown in corn stalks and supplemental nutrients.

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Last Updated

April 20, 2018

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Atlast

Ecovative’s Atlast applies the latest developments in mycelium manufacturing to create a self-assembling 3D scaffolding for use in food and tissue engineering.

Mycelium, a natural and edible material, provides an ideal structure to build upon when making plant- and cell-based foods.

Ecovative controls this structure during the short 9 day growing period. Atlast’s structure allows for the creation of whole cuts of “meat”, an alternative to existing plant-based “meats” that are sold in ground form.


Category
Tissue Structure, Mycelium
Manufacturer
Ecovative
Product Website

Material composition *

Mycelium

*As reported by manufacturer

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Last Updated

July 10, 2019

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

MycoFlex

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

MycoFlex, made by Ecovative, is a foam product made entirely from mycelium.

This high-performance foam can be used in a variety of applications, including textiles, footwear, technical wear, and beauty.

Because it is a natural material, MycoFlex is a completely biodegradable alternative to polyurethane foams. Its strength is comparable to conventional foams, and it provides superior insulation and heat resistance.


Category
Textile, Mycelium
Manufacturer
Ecovative
Product Website

Material composition *

100% Mycelium

*As reported by manufacturer

COLORS

Cream

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Last Updated

June 04, 2019

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GrowSquares

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

GrowSquares operates under a simple philosophy: don’t put anything in your garden you wouldn’t put in your body. This ethos resonates throughout their products and ensures every item they deliver is made up entirely of 100% organic materials, all specifically designed to improve the growth of their plants. Simply place your squares on your selected location and follow the app’s personalized instructions as it guides you through the gardening process.

The mushroom-based scaffold is not only engineered to decompose, but it's biodegradation enriches both plants and soil by stimulating the development of microorganisms and improving soil moisture retention. The more you use GrowSquares, the better your soil becomes, as it allows for a greater variety of plants with each use.


Category
Garden Planter, Mycelium
Manufacturer
GrowSquares
Product Website

Material composition

Mycelium:
Hemp
Mushroom Spawn
Flour

Soil Additives:
Kelp
Langbeinite
Green Sand
Feather
Biochar

Cellulose Lid:
Recycled Paper
Llama Manure
Biobased Starch

AVAILABLE SIZING

12" x 12" x 2"

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Last Updated

May 07, 2019

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

The products in this collection have all been evaluated holistically for their contents and performance. To be considered, the product must also utilize natural cells (i.e. yeast, bacteria, fungi) in its manufacture or use and avoid additives harmful to human and planet.

Updated February 27, 2018
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