On the cutting edge of natural materials, some manufacturers are harnessing the power of bacteria to make exciting new products. In some cases, the living bacteria acts as a means to grow products from scratch. In others, the materials come alive when damaged during use in order to repair themselves.

Bacterial

3 products
How to Use This List

About Our Collections

The goal of our collections is to help promote transparency in the material ingredients of building products by fostering knowledge and awareness of products and materials for which life-cycle information is available, and that have environmentally, economically, and socially preferable life-cycle impacts.

Keep an eye out for the following symbols:
A Healthier Affordable Building Product

Products with the designation of "Healthier & Affordable" were specified and installed in at least one of our Case Studies of healthier affordable housing.

Available at the Donghia healthier Materials Library

The Donghia healthier Materials Library library is open to Parsons student and faculty. Learn more about access and opening hours here.

Ingredient Disclosures

There are several ways of evaluating a material’s health that we include with product information. Disclosures are reports by manufacturers about product ingredients, impacts, or other attributes.

Key Disclosures include:
Health Product Declaration (HPD)

A voluntary technical specification for reporting information on product contents and associated health information, intended to be the health-analogue to Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs).

Declare Label

Declare is a transparency platform and product database that answers three questions: 
  1. Where does a product come from?
  2. What is it made of?
  3. Where does it go at the end of its life?

Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)

A standardized format for communicating the environmental effects associated with a product’s raw materials extraction, energy use, chemical makeup, waste generation, and emissions to air, soil, and water.

Safety Data Sheet (SDS)

A reporting format that provides basic information about a material’s chemical ingredients, the potential safety hazards to installers, and recommended practices for installation.

Other
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Category Sub-category Manufacturer Product Ingredient Disclosures

bioMASON

Available At the Donghia Materials Library

bioMASON grows bricks using technology similar to hydroponics -units mixed with microorganism are fed an aqueous solution to harden the bricks to specification. bioMASON’s process eliminates the need for firing by replacing the curing/hardening process with biologically controlled structural cement.


Category
Masonry, Bacteria
Manufacturer
bioMASON
Product Website

Material composition *

Sand, Sporosarcina pasteurii (bacteria)

*As reported by manufacturer.

COUNTRY OF MANUFACTURE

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Last Updated

February 27, 2018

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BioConcrete

BioConcrete is a self-healing concrete product made of biodegradable plastic capsules of calcium lactate and bacteria added to a wet concrete mix. When activated by water, the capsules expand and fill any cracks that exist in the concrete.


Category
Concrete, Bacteria
Manufacturer
Dr. Henk Jonkers

Material composition *

Concrete, calcium lactate, bacillus bacteria, biodegradable plastic

*As disclosed by manufacturer.

AVAILABLE SIZING

N/A

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Last Updated

December 31, 2016

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

BioMineralized Concrete

BioMineralized Concrete uses bacteria to bind a sand aggregate. The technology allows for the sand, or any other small, rough aggregate, to be used to make a solid material. Because it hardens at room temperature, it saves the energy that typically goes into baking bricks. BioMineralized Concrete can be used as a concrete substitute. However, it has 2/3 the strength of traditional concrete, so it needs to be reinforced by adding fiber or metal, or through pressurization during casting.


Category
Concrete, Bacteria
Manufacturer
Damian Palin

Material composition *

Sand, Calcium Chloride, Urea, Bacteria

*As disclosed by manufacturer.

AVAILABLE SIZING

N/A

CERTIFICATIONS & DISCLOSURES
Health Product Declaration (HPD)
Declare Label
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Other
Last Updated

December 31, 2016

Download data sheet icon-pdf Created with Sketch.

Inclusion Criteria:
- primary ingredient comes from Animal, Plant, Fungi, Bacterial or Mineral category (no polymers)
- OR manufacturing process capitalizes on natural material properties and reactions (eg. yeast fermentation)

Updated February 27, 2018
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